if purchase allowances are granted, the buyer need not return the goods to the seller.

Administrative expenses. Other expenses and losses. Selling expenses.

if purchase allowances are granted, the buyer need not return the goods to the seller.

Pay within the discount period and recognize a savings. Pay within the credit period but don’t take the trouble to invest the cash while waiting to pay the bill. Recognize that the supplier is desperate for cash and withhold payment until the end of the credit period while negotiating a lower sales price.

Accounting Principles I

Each of the required steps in the accounting cycle applies to a merchandising company. 133. If a company has sales of $420,000, net sales of $400,000, and cost of goods sold of $260,000, the gross profit rate is a. 67%. 65% c. 35%. 33%.

In purchase returns, a customer returns a defective product they had earlier purchased to the seller for a full or partial refund. In a normal purchase transaction, the customer’s money or payment is recorded under debit. The general ledger may occasionally be comprised of a combination of the two accounts wherein they are aggregated into one.

Additional Accounting Flashcards

Operating expenses are expenses incurred in the process of earning sales revenues. 105. A merchandising company if purchase allowances are granted, the buyer need not return the goods to the seller. using a perpetual system may record an adjusting entry by a. Debiting Income Summary. Crediting Income Summary.

What are the 6 types of inventory?

  • transit inventory.
  • buffer inventory.
  • anticipation inventory.
  • decoupling inventory.
  • cycle inventory.
  • MRO goods inventory.

In a perpetual system, when the inventory is returned to A by D, it would be debited to inventory. If the inventory is not returned to A, it would be debited to some sort of bad purchases account or left in cost of goods sold depending on company policy. If the inventory is then returned to C, it would be credited out of inventory or whichever account it was debited on the previously discussed entry. A purchase allowance is a reduction in the buyer’s cost of merchandise that had been purchased. The purchase allowance is granted by the supplier because of a problem such as shipping the wrong items, an incorrect quantity, flaws in the goods, etc. In the case of a purchase allowance, the buyer does not return the merchandise to the supplier. Under the perpetual inventory system, what is the difference between a sales return and a sales allowance?


FOB destination means that goods are placed free on board at the buyer’s place of business, and the seller pays the freight. The company debits the Inventory account for all purchases of merchandise and freight-in, and credits it for purchase discounts and purchase returns and allowances.

Yes. Purchase returns and allowances, as stated priorly, have to be recorded on a financial sheet known as a contra revenue account. Their recording can be explained in the headings below. Periodic uses allowances accounts.

Shipping on Inventory Purchases

The individual amounts are posted as debits to their respective accounts in the accounts payable subsidiary ledger. On May 21, Hanlon purchased $20,000 of merchandise for cash with shipping terms FOB Shipping Point. On May 4, Hanlon purchased $30,000 of merchandise with credit terms of 2/10, n30 and shipping terms FOB Destination. The following video summarizes how to journalize purchases under the perpetual inventory system. If a physical count of inventory indicates that the Merchandise Inventory account is overstated, an additional adjusting entry is required to record the difference.

What are the different types of inventory management systems?

Within those systems, two main types of inventory management systems – barcode systems and radio frequency identification (RFID) systems – used to support the overall inventory control process: Main Inventory Control System Types: Perpetual Inventory System. Periodic Inventory System.

Under the perpetual inventory system, two journal entries are used to record the sales of merchandise. One entry records the Sales Revenue and another entry records the Cost of Goods Sold. https://business-accounting.net/ Buyer’s payment of part or the entire purchase price shall not be a precondition to Seller’s obligation to make the delivery. In addition to Buyer’s rights that are described in these …

Remember, the rules for perpetual and periodic inventory still apply so we will look at both cases here. We will also look at the transactions from the seller and buyer’s perspectives. Which of the following is true of net sales revenue?

  • To be relevant in analysing the operation of a merchandising company.
  • Hitech Inc., a small, local grocer, without optical scanning cash registers and computer systems, wants to introduce an inventory system to track its inventory.
  • Increased by $19,700.
  • The sale of merchandise.
  • The matching principle applies to merchandising companies by recognizing the cost of goods when they are sold.